The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vascular incorporation of alpha-tocopherol prevents endothelial dysfunction due to oxidized LDL by inhibiting protein kinase C stimulation.

Excess vascular oxidative stress has been linked to impaired endothelium-dependent arterial relaxation in hypercholesterolemia. alpha-Tocopherol (AT) preserves endothelial function in hypercholesterolemia although the mechanism(s) for this protective effect is (are) not known. We examined the tissue-specific effects of AT on oxidized LDL (ox-LDL)-mediated endothelial dysfunction in male New Zealand White rabbits. Animals consumed chow deficient in (< 10 IU/kg) or supplemented with (1,000 IU/kg) AT for 28 d. Exposure of thoracic aortae from AT-deficient animals to ox-LDL (0-500 microg/ml) for 4 h produced dose-dependent inhibition of acetylcholine-mediated relaxation (P < 0.05) while vessels derived from animals consuming AT were resistant to ox-LDL-mediated endothelial dysfunction. Animals consuming AT demonstrated a 100-fold increase in vascular AT content and this was strongly correlated with vessel resistance to endothelial dysfunction from ox-LDL (R = 0.67; P = 0.0014). These results were not explained by an effect of AT on ox-LDL-mediated cytotoxicity by LDH assay or scanning electron microscopy. Vascular incorporation of AT did produce resistance to endothelial dysfunction from protein kinase C stimulation, an event that has been implicated in the vascular response to ox-LDL. Human aortic endothelial cells loaded with AT also demonstrated resistance to protein kinase C stimulation by both phorbol ester and ox-LDL. Thus, these data indicate that enrichment of vascular tissue with AT protects the vascular endothelium from ox-LDL-mediated dysfunction, at least in part, through the inhibition of protein kinase C stimulation. These findings suggest one potential mechanism for the observed beneficial effect of AT in preventing the clinical expression of coronary artery disease that is distinct from the antioxidant protection of LDL.[1]


  1. Vascular incorporation of alpha-tocopherol prevents endothelial dysfunction due to oxidized LDL by inhibiting protein kinase C stimulation. Keaney, J.F., Guo, Y., Cunningham, D., Shwaery, G.T., Xu, A., Vita, J.A. J. Clin. Invest. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities