The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Costimulatory effects of T cell proliferation during infection with human T lymphotropic virus types I and II are mediated through CD80 and CD86 ligands.

The modulation of expression of CD80 and CD86 on T cells following infection with human T lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-I/II and its functional importance in T-T cell interactions was examined. Infection with HTLV-I/II leads to constitutive expression of CD80 and CD86, concomitant to down-modulation of CD28 on T cells. The CD80/CD86+ HTLV-infected T cells stimulated proliferation of allogeneic and autologous resting T cells, which could be specifically blocked by a soluble CTLA-4Ig chimeric protein, anti-CD80 or anti-CD86, but not by anti-CD54. It was necessary to inhibit interaction with both ligands (CD80 and CD86) to optimally block HTLV-mediated proliferation of allogeneic and autologous resting T cells. Simultaneous addition of anti-CD8O and anti-CD86 Abs also inhibited production of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-4, with no effect on IL-10 production, for both allo- and autologous T cell proliferation. Further, there was a direct correlation between the spontaneous proliferation of lymphocytes from patients infected with HTLV-II and expression of CD80, which could be blocked by simultaneous addition of anti-CD80 and anti-CD86. Taken together, these results suggest that HTLV-infected CD80/CD86+ T cells serve as APCs, leading to a sustained proliferation of T cells, and that both ligands participate in allostimulation, autologous proliferation, as well as spontaneous proliferation of HTLV-II-infected PBMC.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities