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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Down-regulation of paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein surface expression by a mutant fusion protein containing a retention signal for the endoplasmic reticulum.

The human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3) fusion (F) and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase ( HN) glycoproteins are the principal components involved in virion receptor binding, membrane penetration, and ultimately, syncytium formation. While the requirement for both F and HN in this process has been determined from recombinant expression studies, stable physical association of these proteins in coimmunoprecipitation studies has not been observed. In addition, coexpression of other heterologous paramyxovirus F or HN glycoproteins with either HPIV3 F or HN does not result in the formation of syncytia, suggesting serotype-specific protein differences. In this study, we report that simian virus 5 and Sendai virus heterologous HN proteins and measles virus hemagglutinin (H) were found to be down-regulated when coexpressed with HPIV3 F. As an alternative to detecting physical associations of these proteins by coimmunoprecipitation, further studies were performed with a mutant HPIV3 F protein (F-KDEL) lacking a transmembrane anchor and cytoplasmic tail and containing a carboxyl-terminal retention signal for the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). F-KDEL was defective for transport to the cell surface and could down-regulate surface expression of HPIV3 HN and heterologous HN/H proteins from simian virus 5, Sendai virus, and measles virus in coexpression experiments. HN/H down-regulation appeared to result, in part, from an early block to HPIV3 HN synthesis, as well as an instability of the heterologous HN/H proteins within the ER. In contrast, coexpression of F-KDEL with HPIV3 wild-type F or the heterologous receptor-binding proteins, respiratory syncytial virus glycoprotein (G) and vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (G), were not affected in transport to the cell surface. Together, these results support the notion that the reported serotype-specific restriction of syncytium formation may involve, in part, down-regulation of heterologous HN expression.[1]


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