The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Clustered folate receptors deliver 5-methyltetrahydrofolate to cytoplasm of MA104 cells.

Previously, a high affinity, glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored receptor for folate and a caveolae internalization cycle have been found necessary for potocytosis of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in MA104. We now show by cell fractionation that folate receptors also must be clustered in caveolae for potocytosis. An enriched fraction of caveolae from control cells retained 65-70% of the [3H]folic acid bound to cells in culture. Exposure of cells to the cholesterol-binding drug, filipin, which is known to uncluster receptors, shifted approximately 50% of the bound [3H]folic acid from the caveolae fraction to the noncaveolae membrane fraction and markedly inhibited internalization of [3H]folic acid. An mAb directed against the folate receptor also shifted approximately 50% of the caveolae-associated [3H]folic acid to noncaveolae membrane, indicating the antibody perturbs the normal receptor distribution. Concordantly, the mAb inhibited the delivery of 5-methyl[3H]tetrahydrofolate to the cytoplasm. Receptor bound 5-methyl[3H]tetrahydrofolate moved directly from caveolae to the cytoplasm and was not blocked by phenylarsine oxide, an inhibitor of receptor-mediated endocytosis. These results suggest cell fractionation can be used to study the uptake of molecules by caveolae.[1]


  1. Clustered folate receptors deliver 5-methyltetrahydrofolate to cytoplasm of MA104 cells. Smart, E.J., Mineo, C., Anderson, R.G. J. Cell Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities