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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of monoclonal antibody affinity in tumor immunotherapy evaluated in in vivo models for minimal residual disease.

To evaluate the role of affinity in monoclonal antibody (mAb)-mediated treatment of carcinomas, we compared the antibodies 17-1A and 323/A3 that bind with different affinities overlapping epitopes on the epithelial adhesion molecule Ep-CAM. This comparison was performed in several models for minimal residual disease in mice grafted with Ep-CAM transfected B16 melanoma cells originating from C57BL/6 mice. These cells were either grafted subcutaneously or injected intravenously into nude BALB/c mice, or grafted subcutaneously in immunocompetent C57BL/6 mice. In the BALB/c subcutaneous model, significant therapeutic results (p < 0.05) compared with the control mAb were obtained with both mAbs 17-1A and 323/A3. However, when treating lung metastases in nude BALB/c mice that had developed after intravenous injection of the B16/Ep-CAM tumor cells, only the high-affinity 323/A3 mAb could significantly (p < 0.05) reduce the number of metastases that appeared. In syngeneic C57BL/6 mice grafted subcutaneously with B16/ Ep-CAM cells, a single 323/A3 or 17-1A mAb injection had no effect, in contrast to that observed for the nude BALB/c mouse model. However, multiple injections of the 323/A3 mAb significantly (p < 0.005) reduced the mean tumor volume, although they did not prevent tumor development. The results show that in vivo antibody-mediated effector cell activation and subsequent tumor cell elimination is determined by mAb affinity and target antigen density. Therefore, treatment of minimal residual disease with high-affinity mAb 323/ A3 is expected to improve the clinical results obtained with mAb 17-1A.[1]


  1. The role of monoclonal antibody affinity in tumor immunotherapy evaluated in in vivo models for minimal residual disease. Velders, M.P., van Rhijn, C.M., Cornelissen, I.M., van Muijen, G.N., Briaire, I.H., Dohlsten, M., Fleuren, G.J., Warnaar, S.O., Litvinov, S.V. Journal of immunotherapy with emphasis on tumor immunology : official journal of the Society for Biological Therapy. (1996) [Pubmed]
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