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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane-associated carbonic anhydrase IV in skeletal muscle: subcellular localization.

Carbonic anhydrase IV (CA IV) was examined by light microscopy and electron microscopy in rat soleus muscle. Semithin sections of aldehyde-fixed Epon-embedded muscle were stained with rabbit anti-rat lung CA IV and the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex. With this technique, capillaries and sarcolemma showed positive CA IV staining. For electron microscopy, rat soleus specimens were aldehyde-fixed, with or without subsequent osmication, and embedded in Epon. Ultrathin sections were immunostained with anti-rat lung CA IV/immunogold. Omitting osmium allowed ample antigen-antibody reactions but could not prevent the release of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored CA IV from the membranes, which led to apparent background staining. Postosmication significantly reduced tissue antigenicity but kept the antigen bound to the membranes and thus allowed a very precise localization of CA IV. By electron microscopy, membrane-bound CA IV is found to be associated with capillary endothelium, sarcolemma, and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Conceivably, the presence of SR staining in ultrathin sections and its absence in semithin sections reflect a problem of accessibility of the antigenic sites.[1]


  1. Membrane-associated carbonic anhydrase IV in skeletal muscle: subcellular localization. Decker, B., Sender, S., Gros, G. Histochem. Cell Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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