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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of a Src homology 2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase by vanadate in the primary culture of hepatocytes.

Inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase ( PTP) activities by vanadate was examined in cultured rat hepatocytes. The incubation of hepatocytes with sodium orthovanadate inhibited PTP activities, measured with labeled polyglutamate tyrosine (4:1) and insulin receptor peptide (1142-1153), in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The PTP activities in cytosolic and particulate fractions were inhibited with the IC50 values of 30-50 and 2-20 microM, respectively. Vanadate-mediated inhibition of protein phosphatase, type 1 (a serine phosphatase) was less pronounced, requiring 50- to 150-fold higher concentrations. Molybdate and tungstate, the other potent inhibitors of PTPs, exerted approximately 70% less inhibition of enzyme activities compared to vanadate in intact liver cells. The cytosolic and particulate PTPs inhibited by vanadate were further resolved by fast protein liquid chromatography on Mono Q and Superose-12 columns. Vanadate exerted stable and differential inhibition of several PTPs. One of them was identified as SHPTP2 ( Syp, SHP-2) in cytosolic as well as particulate fractions. Immunoprecipitation of this PTP with Syp-antibody coupled to protein A-agarose confirmed the vanadate- induced decrease in SHPTP2 activity. Vanadate did not alter the expression of SHPTP2 and its distribution between cytosolic and particulate fractions as indicated by the immunoblots. The decrease in the activities of PTPs in vanadate-treated hepatocytes in general was found to be reversed by the reducing agent dithioerythreitol. This study shows that vanadate inhibits many PTPs in intact liver cells, one of them being SHPTP2/SHP-2. The inhibition is stable after chromatography on ion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The enzyme inhibition seems to involve the oxidation of the thiol group of PTPs.[1]


  1. Inhibition of a Src homology 2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase by vanadate in the primary culture of hepatocytes. Pugazhenthi, S., Tanha, F., Dahl, B., Khandelwal, R.L. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1996) [Pubmed]
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