The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nucleotidase activities of the 26 S proteasome and its regulatory complex.

The 26 S proteasome can be assembled from the multicatalytic protease (or 20 S proteasome) and a large multisubunit regulatory complex in an ATP-dependent reaction. The 26 S proteasome and its regulatory complex were purified from rabbit reticulocytes for characterization of their nucleotidase properties. Both particles hydrolyze ATP, CTP, GTP, and UTP to the corresponding nucleoside diphosphate and inorganic phosphate. The Km values for hydrolysis of specific nucleotides by the 26 S proteasome are 15 microM for ATP and CTP, 50 microM for GTP, and 100 microM for UTP; Km values for nucleotide hydrolysis by the regulatory complex are 2-4-fold higher for each nucleotide. Several ATPase inhibitors (erythro-9-[3-(2-hydroxynonyl)]adenine, oligomycin, ouabain, and thapsigargin) had no effect on ATP hydrolysis by either complex whereas known inhibitors of proteolysis by the 26 S enzyme (hemin, N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), and vanadate) significantly reduced ATP hydrolysis by both particles. Hydrolysis of all nucleotides was inhibited by 5 mM NEM but only GTP and UTP hydrolysis was significantly reduced at 50 microM NEM. The 15 microM Km for ATP hydrolysis by the 26 S proteasome is virtually identical to the observed Km of 12 microM ATP for Ub-conjugate degradation. Although nucleotide hydrolysis is required for protein degradation by the 26 S proteasome, nucleotide hydrolysis and peptide bond cleavage are not strictly coupled. Substrate specificity constants (kcat/Km) are similar for hydrolysis of each nucleotide, yet GTP and UTP barely supported Ub-conjugate degradation. Further evidence that nucleotide hydrolysis is not coupled to peptide bond cleavage was obtained using N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucinal (LLnL). This compound inhibited peptide hydrolysis by the multicatalytic protease and Ub-conjugate degradation by the 26 S proteasome, but it had little effect on ATP or UTP hydrolysis by the 26 S enzyme.[1]


  1. Nucleotidase activities of the 26 S proteasome and its regulatory complex. Hoffman, L., Rechsteiner, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities