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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The Ames dwarf gene, df, is required early in pituitary ontogeny for the extinction of Rpx transcription and initiation of lineage-specific cell proliferation.

Two nonallelic dwarfing mutations in mice define genes important for pituitary development and function. Mice homozygous for either the Ames (df) or Snell (Pit 1dw) dwarf mutations exhibit severe proportional dwarfism, hypothyroidism, and infertility due to the cytodifferentiation failure of three anterior pituitary cell types: thyrotropes, somatotropes, and lactotropes. Analysis of double heterozygotes and double mutants has provided evidence that the df and dw genes act sequentially in the same genetic pathway. Double heterozygotes had no reduction in growth rate or final adult size. Double homozygotes had essentially the same phenotype as the single mutants and were recovered at the predicted frequency, indicating that there are no previously unrecognized, redundant functions of the two genes. Several lines of evidence demonstrate that df acts earlier in the differentiation pathway than Pit1. The df mutants fail to extinguish expression of the homeobox gene Rpx on embryonic day 13.5 (e13.5), and the size of their nascent pituitary glands is reduced by e14. 5. In contrast, Pit1dw mutants down-regulate Rpx appropriately and exhibit normal cell proliferation up to e14. 5. The failure to extinguish Rpx and the concomitant hypocellularity of df pituitaries suggest the importance of Rpx repression in lineage-specific cell proliferation before the appearance of lineage-specific markers. Later, Pit-1 and hypothalamic neuropeptides act sequentially to regulate marker gene transcription and cell proliferation. These results establish the time of df action in a cascade of genes that regulate pituitary ontogeny.[1]

References

  1. The Ames dwarf gene, df, is required early in pituitary ontogeny for the extinction of Rpx transcription and initiation of lineage-specific cell proliferation. Gage, P.J., Brinkmeier, M.L., Scarlett, L.M., Knapp, L.T., Camper, S.A., Mahon, K.A. Mol. Endocrinol. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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