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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification of the Chlorella HUP1 hexose-proton symporter to homogeneity and its reconstitution in vitro.

A prokaryotic biotin acceptor domain was fused to the carboxy terminal end of the Chlorella hexose-proton symporter. The plant symporter is biotinylated in vivo when expressed in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The extended biotinylated transport protein is fully active, catalyzes accumulation of D-glucose analogs and restores growth of a glucose-uptake-deficient yeast strain. Crude membranes were solubilized with octyl-beta-D-glucoside in the presence of Escherichia coli L-alpha-phosphatidylethanolamine. Biotinylated symporter was purified to homogeneity by biotinavidin affinity chromatography. The symporter protein was reconstituted together with cytochrome-c oxidase prepared from beef heart mitochondria into proteo-liposomes. Cytochrome-c oxidase is a redox-driven H(+)-pump generating a proton motive force (inside negative and alkaline) while transferring electrons from cytochrome-c to oxygen; this energy is used by the symporter to accumulate D-glucose at least 30-fold. In the absence of the driving force the transport protein facilitates diffusion of D-glucose until the concentration equilibrium is reached. It was shown that maximal transport activity depends highly on the amount of co-reconstituted cytochrome-c oxidase and that the symporter possesses 10% of its in vivo turnover number under optimized in vitro transport conditions.[1]


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