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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Monocentric and polycentric anaerobic fungi produce structurally related cellulases and xylanases.

Cellulase and xylanase cDNAs were isolated from a cDNA library of the polycentric anaerobic fungus Orpinomyces sp. strain PC-2 constructed in Escherichia coli. The cellulase cDNA (celB) was 1.8 kb long with an open reading frame (ORF) coding for a polypeptide of 471 amino acids, and the xylanase cDNA (xynA) was 1.2 kb long with an ORF encoding a polypeptide of 362 amino acids. Single transcripts of 1.9 kb for celB and 1.5 kb for xynA were detected in total RNA of Orpinomyces grown on Avicel. Genomic DNA regions coding for CelA and XynA were devoid of introns. The enzymes were highly homologous (80 to 85% identity) to the corresponding enzymes of the monocentric anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix patriciarum and, like those, contained in addition to a catalytic domain, a noncatalytic repeated peptide domain (NCRPD). The Orpinomyces xylanase contained one catalytic domain and thus differed from the Neocallimastix xylanase, which had two similar catalytic domains (H. J. Gilbert, G. P. Hazlewood, J. I. Lauie, C. G. Orpin, and G. P. Xue, Mol. Microbiol. 6:2065-2072, 1992). Two peptides corresponding to the catalytic domain and the NCRPD of XynA were synthesized, and antibodies against them were raised and affinity column purified. The antibodies against the catalytic domain peptide reacted specifically with the xylanases of Orpinomyces and Neocallimastix, while the antibodies against the NCRPD reacted with many (at least eight) extracellular proteins of Orpinomyces and Neocallimastix, suggesting that the NCRPD is present in a number of polypeptides.[1]


  1. Monocentric and polycentric anaerobic fungi produce structurally related cellulases and xylanases. Li, X.L., Chen, H., Ljungdahl, L.G. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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