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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alanine-scanning mutagenesis of a putative substrate recognition site in human cytochrome P450 3A4. Role of residues 210 and 211 in flavonoid activation and substrate specificity.

Alanine-scanning mutagenesis was performed on amino acid residues 210-216 of cytochrome P450 3A4, the major drug-metabolizing enzyme of human liver. Mutagenesis of this region, which has been proposed to align with the C-terminal ends of F-helices from cytochromes P450BM-3, P450terp, and P450cam, served as a test of the applicability of the substrate recognition site model of Gotoh (Gotoh, O. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 83-90) to P450 3A4. The results, using two steroid substrates, indicated that substitution of Ala for Leu210 altered the responsiveness to the effector alpha-naphthoflavone and the regioselectivity of testosterone hydroxylation. Replacement of Leu211 by Ala also decreased the stimulation by alpha-naphthoflavone, whereas mutations at residues 212-216 had little effect. The diminished flavonoid responses of the 210 and 211 mutants were observed over a wide range of progesterone and alpha-naphthoflavone concentrations. Further characterization was performed with the additional effectors beta-naphthoflavone, flavone, and 4-chromanone. The finding that P450 3A4 with one altered residue, Leu210 --> Ala, can have both an altered testosterone hydroxylation profile and response to flavonoid stimulation provides evidence that the substrate binding and effector sites are at least partially overlapping.[1]


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