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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytokine- and endotoxin-induced nitric oxide synthase in rat astroglial cultures: differential modulation by angiotensin II.

Recent studies have shown that the stimulatory effects of bacterial endotoxin [lipopolysaccharide (LPS)] on inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) in astroglia are significantly reduced by the peptide angiotensin II (Ang II). In the present study we have compared the modulatory actions of Ang II on cytokine- and LPS-stimulated iNOS in astroglia cultured from adult rat brain. Incubation of astroglia with LPS (100 ng/ml; 24 h) and/or combinations of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta; 10 ng/ml, 24 h), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma; 100 U/ml, 24 h), or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha; 100 ng/ml, 24 h) resulted in significant increases of iNOS mRNA, iNOS protein, and NO production, with the latter indicated by increased nitrite accumulation. The effects of LPS, IL-1 beta, and TNF-alpha were significantly decreased by coincubation with Ang II (100 ng/ ml, 24 h). In contrast, Ang II did not alter the stimulation of iNOS mRNA levels and NO production elicited by IFN gamma. Therefore, Ang II differentially modulates the stimulatory actions of LPS and cytokines on iNOS, and subsequently NO production, in astroglia. These data suggest that Ang II may have an important modulatory role in intracerebral immune responses that involve production of NO by astroglia.[1]


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