The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelin-1 in the lungs of patients with pulmonary hypertension.

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by an increase in vascular tone and an abnormal proliferation of muscle cells in the walls of pulmonary arteries. Recent studies have found high plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) concentrations in patients with PH. This study was conducted to assess whether elevated circulating ET-1 levels in PH really reflect excessive local pulmonary production. METHODS: We prospectively studied ET-1 concentration in lung specimens from 6 control subjects and 13 patients with severe PH referred for lung or heart-lung transplantation (6 patients had primary PH and 7 PH secondary to congenital heart defect). Endothelin-like immunoreactivity (ET-LI) was measured in plasma and lung tissue, using a radioimmunoassay, after ET-1 extraction. Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography was also performed. RESULTS: Peripheral venous plasma ET-LI concentrations in patients with PH, whatever the cause, were greater than those in controls (10.7 +/- 0.8 vs 5.3 +/- 0.7 pg/ml; P < 0.0005). Pulmonary ET-LI was significantly higher in patients with PH, irrespective of its cause, than in controls (25.2 +/- 5.1 vs 8.1 +/- 1.1 pg/mg, P < 0.03). ET-LI pulmonary concentrations were slightly higher in Eisenmenger than in primary PH, but this was not significant (27.1 +/- 8.6 vs 22.8 +/- 5.4 pg/mg). Linear regression analysis indicated a small but significant correlation between ET-LI pulmonary concentrations and pulmonary vascular resistance in the patients with PH (r = 0.38; P = 0.047). In each case, HPLC separation of ET indicated that most of the immuno-reactivity was detected in the same fraction as ET-1. CONCLUSIONS: The striking increase in ET-1 pulmonary concentration provides new evidence that excessive local pulmonary ET-1 production may contribute to the vascular abnormalities of pulmonary hypertension.[1]


  1. Endothelin-1 in the lungs of patients with pulmonary hypertension. Cacoub, P., Dorent, R., Nataf, P., Carayon, A., Riquet, M., Noe, E., Piette, J.C., Godeau, P., Gandjbakhch, I. Cardiovasc. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities