The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pathophysiological role and diuretic efficacy of atrial natriuretic peptide in renal patients.

It has been suggested that renal disease is characterized by the presence of resistance to the natriuretic effects of atrial peptide (ANP). In this study, plasma ANP (pANP) and renal function were evaluated during stepwise infusion of low ANP doses (2, 4, 8, and 16 ng/kg per min) in glomerulonephritic patients with (CRF) or without (GN) moderate renal failure, and in normal subjects (NOR), kept at low-sodium diet (LSD; 35 mEq NaCl/day). To assess the physiological ANP levels, pANP was also measured in the three groups after normal-sodium diet ( NSD; 235 mEq NaCl/day). ANP did not affect systemic and renal perfusion at any of the doses tested; a significant increment of GFR was observed only in NOR and GN. The 2-, 4-, and 8-ng/kg doses increased pANP to values overlapping the physiological concentrations measured at NSD; this was associated with a dose-dependent increment of urinary excretion of sodium (UNaV) that reached analogous levels in the three groups. ANP accounted for approximately 40% of the UNaV increment evoked by NSD in patients and in normal subjects. The 16-ng/kg dose led to supraphysiological levels that induced a similar marked enhancement of UNaV (from the basal value of 0.12 +/- 0.02 to 0.42 +/- 0.08 mEq/min in CRF, from 0.13 +/- 0.02 to 0.73 +/- 0.08 in GN, and from 0.09 +/- 0.02 to 0.49 +/- 0.11 in NOR). In CRF, the normal natriuretic response to the highest dose was caused by a larger increase of fractional UNaV that was strictly dependent on the greater pANP increment, as demonstrated by similar changes in the fractional excretion of cGMP, and, in part, on the greater aldosterone decrease. In all groups, ANP also induced a dose-dependent urinary loss of phosphate, potassium, and urea, resulting in a significant 15 to 25% decrease in the plasma levels. Thus, in GN and CRF patients, ANP plays a significant role in the renal handling of sodium; moreover, the achievement of low supraphysiological pANP levels leads to a conspicuous natriuresis associated with unique extranatriuretic effects.[1]


  1. Pathophysiological role and diuretic efficacy of atrial natriuretic peptide in renal patients. De Nicola, L., Bellizzi, V., Cianciaruso, B., Minutolo, R., Colucci, G., Balletta, M., Fuiano, G., Conte, G. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities