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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of charged lipids on the interaction of cholesteryl ester transfer protein with lipid microemulsions.

This study reports the effects of charged lipids on the transfer of cholesterlyl-1 pyrene decanoate (Py-CE) between apolipoprotein-free microemulsion particles mediated by cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). The surface charge characteristics of microemulsion particles composed of cholesteryl oleate and egg yolk phosphatidylcholine were altered by incorporating phosphatidyl-serine, oleate or stearylamine into the phosphatidylcholine that forms the surface monolayer of the particle. The transfer of Py-CE was measured continuously by following the decrease in excimer fluorescence that accompanies the transfer of the probe from donor to acceptor particles [Rajaram, Chan and Sawyer (1994) Biochem. J. 304, 423-430]. The inclusion of 20 mol% phosphatidylserine relative to the phospholipid in the surface monolayer of the emulsion caused a 64% decrease in the first-order rate constant describing the transfer. An increase in ionic strength caused a partial reversal of this effects, indicating that electrostatic factors are only partially responsible for the interaction with lipid. Complete inhibition of transfer was observed when 10 mol% sodium oleate was incorporated into the surface monolayer. The incorporation of stearylamine into the emulsion caused a 32% increase in the transfer rate. The binding of CETP to the different emulsion surfaces was also examined using a surface plasmon resonance biosensor. The presence of negatively charged lipid (phosphatidylserine or oleic acid) decreased the rate of association of CETP with the emulsion without a significant change in the dissociation rate constant. The presence of the positively charged lipid stearylamine increased the rate of association of CETP with the lipid surface. It is concluded that a negative surface charge on the monolayer decreases the rate of transfer by decreasing the affinity of CETP for these particles.[1]


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