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MeSH Review

Egg Yolk

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Disease relevance of Egg Yolk


High impact information on Egg Yolk


Chemical compound and disease context of Egg Yolk

  • In contrast, substitution of lysine (or arginine) for Ser-7 caused little or no alteration of enzyme activity toward either autoclaved E. coli or egg yolk lipoproteins indicating no major effects on the catalytic properties of the PLA-2 [11].
  • Experimental hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis were produced in 16 of the animals by adding 11.2% egg yolk and 0.5% cholesterol to the diet for 14 months [12].
  • By using known culture-positive samples and/or samples from animals clinically affected with paratuberculosis, it was found that visible colonial growth on solid media could be obtained after 4 weeks of incubation in liquid medium containing egg yolk and mycobactin followed by 8 weeks of incubation on Herrold's egg yolk medium [13].
  • The recovery of Clostridium difficile on a medium containing cefoxitin, cycloserine, fructose, and egg yolk was compared with that on media containing one of three preparations of sodium taurocholate [14].
  • In 82 tissues with microscopic granulomas and acid-fast bacilli, a significantly greater number of isolates were obtained on Middlebrook 7H10 medium with sodium pyruvate than on Stonebrink medium, Herrold egg yolk agar medium, or Lowenstein-Jensen medium (P=0.01) [15].

Biological context of Egg Yolk


Anatomical context of Egg Yolk


Associations of Egg Yolk with chemical compounds

  • Identification of the major mannose-binding proteins from chicken egg yolk and chicken serum as immunoglobulins [10].
  • We report initial studies on estrogen-mediated regulation of egg yolk protein synthesis in the rooster [26].
  • Neutral vesicles were generated from egg yolk phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, and surface charge was introduced via either phosphatidylserine or octadecylamine [27].
  • As egg yolk also contains stored vitamin A, carotenoids have so far been solely discussed as pigments for the coloration of the offspring [28].
  • Cationic liposomes composed of DDAB and equimolar of a neutral lipid, egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (EPC), induced the strongest antigen-specific Th1 type immune responses among the cationic liposome investigated, whereas the liposomes composed of 2 cationic lipids, DDAB and DOEPC, induced an antigen-specific Th2 type immune response [29].

Gene context of Egg Yolk


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Egg Yolk


  1. Platelet adhesion to fluid and solid phospholipid membranes. Margolis, L.B., Tikhonov, A.N., Vasilieva, E.Y. Cell (1980) [Pubmed]
  2. Formation of 1,3-cyclic glycerophosphate by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylglycerol. Shinitzky, M., Friedman, P., Haimovitz, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1993) [Pubmed]
  3. Identification of the bovine herpesvirus 1 circ protein, a myristylated and virion-associated polypeptide which is not essential for virus replication in cell culture. Fraefel, C., Ackermann, M., Schwyzer, M. J. Virol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Evidence for coupling of Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin-induced hemolysis to stimulated phosphatidic acid formation in rabbit erythrocytes. Sakurai, J., Ochi, S., Tanaka, H. Infect. Immun. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Cloning, sequencing, and role in virulence of two phospholipases (A1 and C) from mesophilic Aeromonas sp. serogroup O:34. Merino, S., Aguilar, A., Nogueras, M.M., Regue, M., Swift, S., Tomás, J.M. Infect. Immun. (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Antitumor activity of a water-insoluble compound entrapped in liposomes on L1210 leukemia in mice. Brassinne, C., Atassi, G., Frühling, J., Penasse, W., Coune, A., Hildebrand, J., Ruysschaert, J.M., Laduron, C. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1983) [Pubmed]
  7. Molecular cloning and functional expression of a human cDNA encoding translation initiation factor 6. Si, K., Chaudhuri, J., Chevesich, J., Maitra, U. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Testosterone in egg yolks: an ornithologist's perspective. Winkler, D.W. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1993) [Pubmed]
  9. Lysolecithins as endothelium-dependent vascular smooth muscle relaxants that differ from endothelium-derived relaxing factor (nitric oxide). Saito, T., Wolf, A., Menon, N.K., Saeed, M., Alves, C., Bing, R.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Identification of the major mannose-binding proteins from chicken egg yolk and chicken serum as immunoglobulins. Wang, K.Y., Hoppe, C.A., Datta, P.K., Fogelstrom, A., Lee, Y.C. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1986) [Pubmed]
  11. Conversion of pig pancreas phospholipase A2 by protein engineering into enzyme active against Escherichia coli treated with the bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein. Weiss, J., Wright, G., Bekkers, A.C., van den Bergh, C.J., Verheij, H.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Influence of clofibrate on the plasma lipoprotein pattern and on the lipid content and protein and collagen synthesis in atherosclerotic coronary arteries and abdominal aorta from hypercholesterolemic mini-pigs. Jacobsson, L. Atherosclerosis (1987) [Pubmed]
  13. Cultivation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from bovine fecal samples by using elements of the Roche MB Check system. Ridge, S.E. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  14. Effect of adding sodium taurocholate to selective media on the recovery of Clostridium difficile from environmental surfaces. Buggy, B.P., Hawkins, C.C., Fekety, R. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  15. Comparison of four culture media for isolation of Mycobacterium avium complex from porcine tissues. Thoen, C.O., Himes, E.M., Jarnagin, J.L., Harrington, R. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  16. Isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone specific for avian vitellogenin II. Protter, A.A., Wang, S.Y., Shelness, G.S., Ostapchuk, P., Williams, D.L. Nucleic Acids Res. (1982) [Pubmed]
  17. Antioxidant activity of a novel vitamin E derivative, 2-(alpha-D glucopyranosyl)methyl-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-6-ol. Murase, H., Moon, J.H., Yamauchi, R., Kato, K., Kunieda, T., Yoshikawa, T., Terao, J. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  18. Effect of cytochrome c on the linoleic acid-degrading activity of porcine leukocyte 12-lipoxygenase. Iwase, H., Sakurada, K., Hatanaka, K., Kobayashi, M., Takatori, T. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Vitamin B12 bioavailability from egg yolk and egg white: relationship to binding proteins. Levine, A.S., Doscherholmen, A. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1983) [Pubmed]
  20. Selective adsorption of phosphoproteins on gel-immobilized ferric chelate. Muszyńska, G., Andersson, L., Porath, J. Biochemistry (1986) [Pubmed]
  21. Interaction of phosphatidylserine with mast cells. Martin, T.W., Lagunoff, D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1978) [Pubmed]
  22. The interaction of peripheral proteins and membranes studied with alpha-lactalbumin and phospholipid bilayers of various compositions. Agasøster, A.V., Halskau, Ø., Fuglebakk, E., Frøystein, N.A., Muga, A., Holmsen, H., Martínez, A. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Liposomes as model membrane systems for immune attack. I. Transfer of antigenic determinants to lymphocyte membranes after interactions with hapten-bearing liposomes. Ozato, K., Ziegler, H.K., Henney, C.S. J. Immunol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  24. Estrogen-dependent modification of ribosomal proteins. Effects of estrogen withdrawal on the distribution of constitutive and hormonally regulated mRNAs. Cochrane, A.W., Deeley, R.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1984) [Pubmed]
  25. Ovalbumin in developing chicken eggs migrates from egg white to embryonic organs while changing its conformation and thermal stability. Sugimoto, Y., Sanuki, S., Ohsako, S., Higashimoto, Y., Kondo, M., Kurawaki, J., Ibrahim, H.R., Aoki, T., Kusakabe, T., Koga, K. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  26. Effect of estrogen on gene expression: purification of vitellogenin messenger RNA. Wetekam, W., Mullinix, K.P., Deeley, R.G., Kronenberg, H.M., Eldridge, J.D., Meyers, M., Goldberger, R.F. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1975) [Pubmed]
  27. In vitro interaction of L1210 cells with phospholipid vesicles. Jansons, V.K., Weis, P., Chen, T., Redwood, W.R. Cancer Res. (1978) [Pubmed]
  28. Provitamin A conversion to retinal via the beta,beta-carotene-15,15'-oxygenase (bcox) is essential for pattern formation and differentiation during zebrafish embryogenesis. Lampert, J.M., Holzschuh, J., Hessel, S., Driever, W., Vogt, K., von Lintig, J. Development (2003) [Pubmed]
  29. Modulation of cellular immune response against hepatitis C virus nonstructural protein 3 by cationic liposome encapsulated DNA immunization. Jiao, X., Wang, R.Y., Feng, Z., Alter, H.J., Shih, J.W. Hepatology (2003) [Pubmed]
  30. Activation of phosphatidylcholine-sterol acyltransferase by human apolipoprotein E isoforms. Steinmetz, A., Kaffarnik, H., Utermann, G. Eur. J. Biochem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  31. Production and purification of human indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (HuIDO) protein in a baculovirus expression system and production and characterization of egg yolk antibody against the purified HuIDO. Webster, N.L., Wee, J., Uren, S.J., Boyle, W., Sandrin, M.S. Immunol. Cell Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Activation of lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase by apolipoproteins E-2, E-3, and A-IV isolated from human plasma. Chen, C.H., Albers, J.J. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1985) [Pubmed]
  33. Effect of human plasma apolipoproteins on the activity of purified lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase. Albers, J.J., Lin, J., Roberts, G.P. Artery (1979) [Pubmed]
  34. The reconstituted ADP/ATP carrier activity has an absolute requirement for cardiolipin as shown in cysteine mutants. Hoffmann, B., Stöckl, A., Schlame, M., Beyer, K., Klingenberg, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  35. Intravenous infusion of high doses of liposomes containing NSC 251635, a water-insoluble cytostatic agent. A pilot study with pharmacokinetic data. Sculier, J.P., Coune, A., Brassinne, C., Laduron, C., Atassi, G., Ruysschaert, J.M., Frühling, J. J. Clin. Oncol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  36. Vesicle-reconstituted low density lipoprotein receptor. Visualization by cryoelectron microscopy. Jeon, H., Shipley, G.G. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  37. Effect of dietary cholesterol in normolipidemic subjects is not modified by nature and amount of dietary fat. Kestin, M., Clifton, P.M., Rouse, I.L., Nestel, P.J. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1989) [Pubmed]
  38. Purification and reconstitution of a 75-kilodalton protein identified as a component of the renal Na+/glucose symporter. Wu, J.S., Lever, J.E. Biochemistry (1987) [Pubmed]
  39. Simultaneous purification of biotin-binding proteins-I and -II from chicken egg yolk and their characterization. Subramanian, N., Adiga, P.R. Biochem. J. (1995) [Pubmed]
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