The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Change in circulating levels of the chemokines macrophage inflammatory proteins 1 alpha and 11 beta, RANTES, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interleukin-16 following treatment of severely immunodeficient HIV-infected individuals with indinavir.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in vivo relationship between HIV replication and circulating levels of the chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, RANTES (acronym for Regulated upon Activation, Normal T-cell Expressed and presumably Secreted), interleukin (IL)-16 and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, which have recently been characterized as factors capable of regulating in vitro HIV replication. DESIGN AND METHODS: We have compared changes in plasma HIV-RNA levels and circulating levels of MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, RANTES, IL-16 and MCP-1 in 20 severely immunodeficient HIV-infected individuals (CD4+ T cells = 14 +/- 3 cells x 10(6)/l; plasma HIV RNA = 4.45 +/- 0.27 log 10 copies/ml) undergoing treatment with the HIV protease inhibitor indinavir that added to pre-existing nucleoside-based therapy. At weeks 0, 2, 6 and 12, viral load was quantified using a commercial reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assay, peripheral blood T-cell subpopulations assessed by flow cytometry, and chemokine levels quantified using commercial sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. RESULTS: Following initiation of indinavir-based therapy, significant decreases in plasma HIV-RNA levels (change = 2.0 +/- 0.75 log 10 copies/ml) were observed in conjunction with significant increases in absolute CD4+ (change = 83 +/- 19 cells x 10(6)/l) and CD8+ (change = 293 +/- 96 cells x 10(6)/l) T-cell numbers. Concomitantly, significant increases in MIP-1 alpha (19% increase), MIP-1 beta (14% increase), RANTES (15% increase) and IL-16 (1213% increase) levels occurred. In contrast, MCP-1 levels decreased significantly (47% decrease). CONCLUSION: The in vivo demonstration of an association between diminishing plasma HIV-RNA levels and the emergence of a circulating chemokine profile capable of inhibiting HIV replication corroborates recent in vitro observations and provides evidence for the restoration of chemokine capacity by HIV protease inhibitor-based therapy.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities