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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Electrogenic sulfate/chloride exchange in Xenopus oocytes mediated by murine AE1 E699Q.

Functional evaluation of chemically modified human erythrocytes has led to the proposal that amino acid residue E681 of the band 3 anion exchanger AE1 lies on the anion translocation pathway and is a proton carrier required for H+/SO4(2-) cotransport. We have tested in Xenopus oocytes the functional consequences of mutations in the corresponding residue E699 of mouse AE1. Most mutations tested abolished AE1-mediated Cl- influx and efflux. Only the E699Q mutation increased stilbene disulfonate-sensitive efflux and influx of SO4(2-). E699Q-mediated Cl- influx was activated by elevation of intracellular SO4(2-), but E699Q-mediated Cl- efflux was undetectable. The DNDS (4,4'-dinitrostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid) sensitivity of E699Q-mediated SO4(2-) efflux was indistinguishable from that of wt AE1-mediated Cl- efflux. The extracellular anion selectivity of E699Q-mediated SO4(2-) efflux was similar to that of wt AE1-mediated Cl- efflux. The stoichiometry of E699Q-mediated exchange of extracellular Cl- with intracellular SO4(2-) was 1:1. Whereas SO4(2-) injection into oocytes expressing wt AE1 produced little change in membrane potential or resistance, injection of SO4(2-), but not of Cl- or gluconate, into oocytes expression E699Q depolarized the membrane by 17 mV and decreased membrane resistance by 66%. Replacement of bath Cl- with isethionate caused a 28-mV hyperpolarization in SO4(2-)-loaded oocytes expressing E699Q, but had no effect on oocytes expressing wt AE1. Extracellular Cl(-)-dependent depolarization of SO4(2-)-preloaded oocytes was blocked by DNDS. AE1 E699Q-mediated inward current measured in the presence of extracellular Cl- was of magnitude sufficient to account for measured 35SO4(2-) efflux. Thus, AE1 E699Q-mediated SO4(2-)/Cl- exchange operated largely, if not exclusively, as an electrogenic, asymmetric, 1:1 anion exchange. The data confirm the proposal that E699 resides on or contributes to the integrity of the anion translocation pathway of AE1. A single amino acid change in the sequence of AE1 converted electroneutral to electrogenic anion exchange without alteration of SO4(2-)/Cl- exchange stoichiometry.[1]


  1. Electrogenic sulfate/chloride exchange in Xenopus oocytes mediated by murine AE1 E699Q. Chernova, M.N., Jiang, L., Crest, M., Hand, M., Vandorpe, D.H., Strange, K., Alper, S.L. J. Gen. Physiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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