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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

RFC-1 gene expression regulates folate absorption in mouse small intestine.

Mediated folate compound transport inward in isolated luminal epithelial cells from mouse small intestine was delineated as pH-dependent and non-pH-dependent components on the basis of their differential sensitivity to the stilbene inhibitor, 4, 4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. pH dependence was manifested as higher maximum capacity (Vmax) for influx of l, L-5-CH3-H4folate at acidic pH compared with neutral or alkaline pH with no effect on saturability (Km). The pH-dependent component was relatively insensitive to inhibition by 4, 4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid and highly saturable (Km or Ki = 2 to 4 microM) in the case of folic acid, folate coenzymes, and 4-aminofolate analogues as permeants or inhibitors. The non-pH-dependent component was highly sensitive to 4, 4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid and poorly and variably saturable (Km or Ki = 20 to >2000 microM) with respect to these folate compounds. Only the pH-dependent transport component was developmentally regulated, showing much higher maximum capacity for l,L-5-CH3-H4folate influx in mature absorptive rather than proliferative crypt cells. The increase in pH-dependent influx during maturation was associated with an increase in RFC-1 gene expression in the form of a 2.5-kilobase RNA transcript and 58-kDa brush-border membrane protein detected by folate-based affinity labeling and with anti-mouse RFC-1 peptide antibodies. The size of this protein was the same as that encoded by RFC-1 mRNA. The treatment of mature absorptive cells with either the affinity label or the anti-RFC-1 peptide antibodies inhibited influx of l, L-[3H]-5-CH3-H4folate in a concentration-dependent manner. These results strongly suggest that pH-dependent folate absorption in this tissue is regulated by RFC-1 gene expression.[1]


  1. RFC-1 gene expression regulates folate absorption in mouse small intestine. Chiao, J.H., Roy, K., Tolner, B., Yang, C.H., Sirotnak, F.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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