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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Relative involvement of GPIb/IX- vWF axis and GPIIb/IIIa in thrombus growth at high shear rates in the guinea pig.

The relative involvement of the glycoprotein (GP) Ib/IX-von Willebrand factor ( vWF) axis and GPIIb/IIIa in thrombus growth at high shear rates was assessed and compared by testing the pharmacological effects of VCL, a recombinant GPIb-binding fragment of vWF (residues 504-728), aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA), which binds to the 509-695 disulfide loop of vWF, and lamifiban, a specific synthetic GPIIb/IIIa antagonist. In vivo, their effects were evaluated in guinea pig mesenteric arteries, in a model of a laser-induced cyclic thrombotic process, and ex vivo, at a shear rate of 1800 s(-1), in a capillary perfusion chamber model, in which collagen-adherent platelets are exposed to nonanticoagulated guinea pig blood. In vivo, VCL, ATA, and lamifiban administered 2 minutes after intimal injuries stopped thrombus growth, prevented the cyclic thrombotic process, and induced gradual thrombus dissolution. Ex vivo, at 1800 s(-1), collagen exposure to untreated blood for 2 minutes, 4 minutes, or two consecutive periods of 2 minutes each resulted in similar platelet adhesion, 56%, 59%, and 61%, respectively, with an average thrombus volume of 6, 19, and 17.5 microm3/microm2, respectively, without any fibrin formation. This indicated that the two consecutive perfusions did not affect the dynamic process of thrombus growth. When collagen-adherent platelets deposited after the first 2-minute perfusion were perfused for 2 minutes with VCL-, ATA-, or lamifiban-treated blood, thrombus growth was prevented and platelet adhesion remained unchanged, but fibrin formation increased on and around the predeposited platelets. These results suggest that both the GPIb/IX- vWF axis and GPIIb/IIIa are involved in in vivo platelet-to-platelet interactions at high shear rates in the guinea pig.[1]


  1. Relative involvement of GPIb/IX-vWF axis and GPIIb/IIIa in thrombus growth at high shear rates in the guinea pig. André, P., Hainaud, P., Bal dit Sollier, C., Garfinkel, L.I., Caen, J.P., Drouet, L.O. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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