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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deranged hydrophobic barrier of the rat gastroduodenal mucosa after parenteral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Parenteral administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may cause gastrointestinal mucosal lesions. The aim of this study was to investigate whether parenteral NSAIDs alter surface hydrophobicity of the gastroduodenal mucosa. METHODS: Conscious rats received indomethacin or diclofenac subcutaneously at different doses (0.5-10 mg/kg). Surface hydrophobicity of gastric and duodenal mucosa was determined by contact angle measurement at various time points; mucosal prostaglandin synthesis and mucus phospholipid content were measured. Also, the effects of NSAIDs were studied in bile duct-ligated rats. RESULTS: A single 1-2-mg/kg dose significantly decreased hydrophobicity in the stomach and duodenum. The decrease was associated with a reduction in mucus phosphatidylcholine. In the duodenum, mucosal prostaglandin synthesis was restored 24 hours after NSAID dosing, but hydrophobicity was still decreased. There was no adaptation to long-term treatment. In bile duct-ligated rats, NSAIDs did not decrease gastric or duodenal hydrophobicity. Moreover, oral administration of bile from rats pretreated with parenteral NSAIDs significantly decreased mucosal hydrophobicity in untreated rats. CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose NSAIDs by parenteral route impair the physicochemical barrier against luminal acidity and render the mucosa susceptible to injury. Excretion of NSAIDs in bile seems to play a key role in this effect.[1]


  1. Deranged hydrophobic barrier of the rat gastroduodenal mucosa after parenteral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Lugea, A., Antolín, M., Mourelle, M., Guarner, F., Malagelada, J.R. Gastroenterology (1997) [Pubmed]
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