The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation and phosphorylation of calbindin-D28K correlates with protein kinase C activation1.

Calbindin-D28K is a vitamin D3 dependent calcium-binding protein expressed in renal distal tubules. We previously reported that 24 h treatment with 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-D3), the active form of vitamin D3, induces calbindin-D28K and activates protein kinase C (PKC) in MDBK (Madin-Darby bovine kidney) cells. In contrast, 24 h treatment with the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-3-acetate (TPA) downregulates calbindin-D28K and PKC activity. In the present studies, we demonstrate that TPA rapidly enhances calbindin-D28K expression in MDBK cells in the absence of 1,25-D3. The enhancement of calbindin-D28K expression is preceded by activation and translocation of PKC alpha. Further, we show that PKC directly phosphorylates calbindin-D28K in a calcium- and phospholipid-dependent manner in vitro. In MDBK cells, the calbindin-D28K antibody immunoprecipitates a 28 kDa protein for which phosphorylation is enhanced after treatment for 1 h with TPA or 24 h with 1,25-D3. Consistent with amino acid sequence analysis of calbindin-D28K indicating two threonine residues that fit the consensus for PKC phosphorylation, TPA-treated MDBK cells exhibit enhanced expression of a phosphothreonine-containing protein that co-migrates with calbindin-D28K. These studies offer the first report that calbindin-D28K is a phosphoprotein and implicate the PKC signal transduction pathway in its regulation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities