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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhancement of prostaglandin E2 production by epidermal growth factor requires the coordinate activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 and cyclooxygenase 2 in human squamous carcinoma A431 cells.

We demonstrated the effect of epidermal growth factor ( EGF) on the production of PGE2 in human squamous carcinoma A431 cells. The production of PGE2 was increased by stimulating the cells with EGF for 2 h and reached a maximum for 10 h. EGF was also found to augment the release of arachidonic acid (AA) following the increase in phospholipase A2 ( PLA2) activity (1.7-fold). The induced PLA2 activity was diminished by 4-bromophenacyl bromide, but not by dithiothreitol, indicating that the EGF-induced release of AA was due to the increase in the activity of cytosolic PLA2 ( cPLA2). On the other hand, cyclooxygenase (COX) activity was increased (1.6-fold) within 2 h after the EGF-treatment and the induced activity was inhibited by cycloheximide. In addition, Northern blot analysis showed that the level of COX-2 mRNA was increased by the EGF-treatment, whereas no COX-2 mRNA was detected in the untreated cells, indicating that the EGF- induced COX activity was resulted from the increase in the production of COX-2. These results suggest that EGF augments the production of PGE2 by increasing not only the activity of cPLA2 but also the production of COX-2 in A431 cells.[1]


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