The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neuroprotective actions of FK506 in experimental stroke: in vivo evidence against an antiexcitotoxic mechanism.

The cellular mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective action of the immunosuppressant FK506 in experimental stroke remain uncertain, although in vitro studies have implicated an antiexcitotoxic action involving nitric oxide and calcineurin. The present in vivo study demonstrates that intraperitoneal pretreatment with 1 and 10 mg/kg FK506, doses that reduced the volume of ischemic cortical damage by 56-58%, did not decrease excitotoxic damage induced by quinolinate, NMDA, and AMPA. Similarly, intravenous FK506 did not reduce the volume of striatal quinolinate lesions at a dose (1 mg/kg) that decreased ischemic cortical damage by 63%. The temporal window for FK506 neuroprotection was defined in studies demonstrating efficacy using intravenous administration at 120 min, but not 180 min, after middle cerebral artery occlusion. The noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist MK801 reduced both ischemic and excitotoxic damage. Histopathological data concerning striatal quinolinate lesions were replicated in neurochemical experiments. MK801, but not FK506, attenuated the loss of glutamate decarboxylase and choline acetyltransferase activity induced by intrastriatal injection of quinolinate. The contrasting efficacy of FK506 in ischemic and excitotoxic lesion models cannot be explained by drug pharmacokinetics, because brain FK506 content rose rapidly using both treatment protocols and was sustained at a neuroprotective level for 3 d. Although these data indicate that an antiexcitotoxic mechanism is unlikely to mediate the neuroprotective action of FK506 in focal cerebral ischemia, the finding that intravenous cyclosporin A (20 mg/kg) reduced ischemic cortical damage is consistent with the proposed role of calcineurin.[1]


  1. Neuroprotective actions of FK506 in experimental stroke: in vivo evidence against an antiexcitotoxic mechanism. Butcher, S.P., Henshall, D.C., Teramura, Y., Iwasaki, K., Sharkey, J. J. Neurosci. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities