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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A comparison of CORVITA and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene vascular grafts implanted in the abdominal aortas of dogs.

The utility of CORVITA vascular grafts, composed of an inner layer of meshed polyurethane fibers and an outer layer of meshed Dacron reinforcement, for replacement of the abdominal aorta was assessed in a canine model and compared with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts. CORVITA or ePTFE vascular grafts were implanted and left in place for 3 or 6 months. After removal, they were inspected macroscopically and histologically. Microspectrophotometry was used to quantify smooth muscle cells (SMCs), elastin (EL), and collagen (CL) in the media of the native artery. The patency rate of the CORVITA grafts after 6 months was 100%, whereas that of the ePTFE grafts was only 50%. Moreover, stenoses were apparent in all of the ePTFE grafts, but in only 43% of the CORVITA grafts. The intimal thickness at the distal anastomosis was significantly greater at 3 months in the ePTFE grafts (P < 0.01), and there were significantly more SMCs in the host arterial media at the proximal and distal anastomoses in these grafts. Thus, better long-term patency can be expected with CORVITA grafts than with ePTFE grafts. This conferred advantage is most likely attributable to the less pronounced intimal hyperplasia which results from the proliferation of SMCs in the media of the native artery.[1]


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