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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Starvation-induced increase in the parathyroid hormone/ PTH-related protein receptor mRNA of bone and kidney in sham-operated and thyroparathyroidectomized rats.

Parathyroid hormone ( PTH) acts on bone and kidneys by binding to PTH/PTH-related protein (PTHrP) receptors and regulating calcium (Ca) and phosphorus ( P) homeostasis. PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA was expressed at high levels in PTH target tissues such as the kidneys and bone including the calvaria, femur, and tibia. Because short-term starvation influences Ca and P ion homeostasis, we measured changes in PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression in the bone and kidneys. Food deprivation for 3 days decreased the serum Ca and P concentrations, and reinstitution of feeding for 2 days normalized the serum Ca level and significantly increased the serum P level. Concomitantly, rat immunoreactive PTH (riPTH) was increased during starvation and returned to the control level after 2 days of subsequent feeding. Serum 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) concentrations did not significantly change during starvation and subsequent feeding. Starvation up-regulated PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression in both bone and kidney. The effects of food deprivation on the receptor transcript abundance were greater in bone (threefold increase compared with control) than in the kidney (1.8-fold increase), whereas the mRNA level increase by food deprivation was more rapid in the kidneys than in bone. The PTH-induced adenylyl cyclase activity of renal membranes increased in starvation. Feeding after starvation normalized the mRNA levels in both tissues. Serum PTH depression, initiated by thyroparathyroidectomy, did not affect PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA levels in bone and kidney in rats that were fed or starved for 3 days. The abundance of receptor mRNA in bone and kidney was significantly lower in fed rats given either corticosterone or vehicle than in starved rats. These data indicate that starvation induces PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression in bone and kidney, independently of serum PTH and corticosterone concentrations. The factors leading to up-regulated receptor mRNA induced by starvation remain unknown.[1]

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