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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deviation of pancreas-infiltrating cells to Th2 by interleukin-12 antagonist administration inhibits autoimmune diabetes.

Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice develop spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), and the pancreas-infiltrating T cells invariably show a Th1 phenotype. We demonstrated here that the interleukin (IL)-12 antagonist (p40)2 can deviate the default Th1 development of naive T cell receptor (TCR)-transgenic CD4+ cells to the Th2 pathway in vitro. Although (p40)2 does not modify the cytokine profile of polarized Th1 cells, it prevents further recruitment of CD4- cells into the Th1 subset. To study the involvement of Th1 and Th2 cells in the initiation and progression of IDDM, we targeted endogenous IL-12 by administration of (p40)2 in NOD mice. (p40)2 administration to NOD mice inhibits interferon-gamma but not IL-10 production in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or to the putative autoantigen IA-2. Serum immunoglobulin isotypes determined after (p40)2 treatment indicate an increase in Th2 and a decrease in Th1 helper activity. Administration of (p40)2 from 3 weeks of age onwards, before the onset of insulitis, results in the deviation of pancreas-infiltrating CD4+ but not CD8+ cells to the Th2 phenotype as well as in the reduction of spontaneous and cyclophosphamide-accelerated IDDM. After treating NOD mice with (p40)2 from 9 weeks of age, when insulitis is well established, few Th2 and a reduced percentage of Th1 cells are found in the pancreas. This is associated with a slightly decreased incidence of spontaneous IDDM, but no protection from cyclophosphamide-accelerated IDDM. In conclusion, deviation of pancreas-infiltrating CD4+ cells to Th2 is associated with protection from IDDM. However, targeting IL-12 after the onset of insulitis, when the pancreas contains polarized Th1 cells, is not sufficient to induce an effective immune deviation able to significantly modify the course of disease.[1]


  1. Deviation of pancreas-infiltrating cells to Th2 by interleukin-12 antagonist administration inhibits autoimmune diabetes. Trembleau, S., Penna, G., Gregori, S., Gately, M.K., Adorini, L. Eur. J. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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