The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro induction of apoptosis or differentiation by dopamine in an immortalized olfactory neuronal cell line.

A new neuronal cell line was generated by transfection of rat olfactory epithelium with immortalizing recombinant oncogene E1A of adenovirus-2. The resulting 13.S.1.24 line of transformed cells expressed an antigenic phenotype of olfactory neuronal progenitors. Addition of dopamine to 13.S.1.24 cultures induced reduction of cell number within 2 days. Two hallmarks of apoptosis were detected in dopamine-treated cultures: internucleosomal DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation. Dopamine did not alter the cell proliferation rate, as assessed by [3H]thymidine incorporation. Dopamine also stimulated differentiation of surviving 13.S.1.24 cells into bipolar olfactory marker protein-immunoreactive neurons. Time-dependency assessments over 1 week of treatment indicated that apoptosis and differentiation induced by dopamine were concomitant. Both apoptosis and differentiation triggered by dopamine were dose-dependent, half-maximal effects being obtained with approximately 10 microM dopamine. Mediation of both effects by dopaminergic D2 receptors was supported by several observations: active dopamine doses in micromolar ranges, quinpirole agonism and eticlopride antagonism, D2-characteristic rank order of potency among the three agonists tested, and specific binding of a selective D2-like radioligand to 13.S.1.24 cells. The present data altogether indicated that dopamine commits immortalized olfactory neuronal cells in vitro either to apoptosis or to olfactory-like differentiation via D2 dopaminergic receptors.[1]


  1. In vitro induction of apoptosis or differentiation by dopamine in an immortalized olfactory neuronal cell line. Coronas, V., Féron, F., Hen, R., Sicard, G., Jourdan, F., Moyse, E. J. Neurochem. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities