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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Primaquine alters antioxidant enzyme profiles in rat liver and kidney.

The effects of primaquine treatment on antioxidant enzyme activities were investigated in rat liver and kidney. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with 0.21 mg/kg daily for two weeks (chronic treatment) or a single dose at 0.21 or 0.63 mg/kg. Antioxidant enzyme activities were determined in liver and kidney cytosolic fractions whereas glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were determined in tissue samples. Results for the liver showed increases in cytosolic superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) enzymatic activities after chronic primaquine treatment. Levels of MDA, a marker for lipid peroxidation, were also increased by more than 50% indicating enhanced oxidative damage in the liver. In the single dose study, 0.63 mg/kg primaquine caused a more than 100% increase in liver SOD and a 36% increase in NAD (P) H: quinone oxidoreductase (NQOR) activities. Results for the kidney, however, showed fewer primaquine-induced changes in antioxidant enzyme activities when compared to the liver in both the chronic and single dose studies. Overall, our results indicate that primaquine treatment causes an oxidative stress in the two rat organs. These results are consistent with the known pro-oxidant effects of primaquine in vivo, and supplement current knowledge on the effects of antimalarial drugs on various enzyme systems.[1]


  1. Primaquine alters antioxidant enzyme profiles in rat liver and kidney. Magwere, T., Naik, Y.S., Hasler, J.A. Free Radic. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
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