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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The effect of interleukin-10 on meningeal inflammation in experimental bacterial meningitis.

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with antiinflammatory effects. In a rabbit model of meningitis, IL-10 was given intracisternally or intravenously to evaluate the impact on inflammation induced by lipooligosaccharide (LOS), Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), or Listeria monocytogenes. Intracisternal IL-10 in concentrations >1 microg significantly reduced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lactate values in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Intravenous IL-10 (1 mg/kg) in two doses after intracisternal LOS significantly reduced CSF TNF-alpha and lactate. When Hib was used, animals were treated with ceftriaxone and dexamethasone with or without IL-10 (1 mg/kg). TNF-alpha was significantly reduced in animals treated with IL-10, dexamethasone, or both compared with levels in rabbits receiving ceftriaxone alone. Comparable results were obtained when L. monocytogenes was inoculated and animals were treated with ampicillin with or without IL-10, dexamethasone, or nothing. In conclusion, IL-10 modulates CSF TNF-alpha concentrations in experimental LOS, Hib, or L. monocytogenes meningitis. The maximal inhibitory effect was seen when IL-10 and dexamethasone were combined.[1]


  1. The effect of interleukin-10 on meningeal inflammation in experimental bacterial meningitis. París, M.M., Hickey, S.M., Trujillo, M., Ahmed, A., Olsen, K., McCracken, G.H. J. Infect. Dis. (1997) [Pubmed]
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