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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vac7p, a novel vacuolar protein, is required for normal vacuole inheritance and morphology.

During cell division, the vacuole of Saccharomyces cerevisiae partitions between mother and daughter cells. A portion of the parental vacuole membrane moves into the bud, and ultimately membrane scission divides the vacuole into two separate structures. Here we characterize two yeast mutations causing defects in vacuole membrane scission, vac7-1 and vac14-1. A third mutant, afab1-2 strain, isolated in a nonrelated screen (A. Yamamoto et al., Mol. Biol. Cell 6:525-539, 1995) shares the vacuolar phenotypes of the vac7-1 and vac14-1 strains. Unlike the wild type, mutant vacuoles are not multilobed structures; in many cases, a single vacuole spans both the mother and bud, with a distinct gap in the mother-bud neck. Thus, even where the membranes are closely opposed, vacuole fission is arrested. Simply enlarging the vacuole does not produce this mutant phenotype. An additional common phenotype of these mutants is a defect in vacuole acidification; however, vacuole scission in most other vacuole acidification mutants is normal. An alteration in vacuole membrane lipids could account for both the vacuole membrane scission and acidification defects. Because a directed screen has not identified additional class III complementation groups, it is likely that all three genes are involved in a similar process. Interestingly, FAB1, was previously shown to encode a putative phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase. Moreover, overexpression of FAB1 suppresses the vac14-1 mutation, which suggests that VAC14 and FAB1 act at a common step. VAC7 encodes a novel 128-kDa protein that is localized at the vacuole membrane. This location of Vac7p is consistent with its involvement in vacuole morphology and inheritance.[1]


  1. Vac7p, a novel vacuolar protein, is required for normal vacuole inheritance and morphology. Bonangelino, C.J., Catlett, N.L., Weisman, L.S. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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