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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cell wall 1,6-beta-glucan synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae depends on ER glucosidases I and II, and the molecular chaperone BiP/Kar2p.

The role of glucose trimming in the endoplasmic reticulum of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated using glucosidase inhibitors and mutant strains devoid of glucosidases I and II. These glucosidases are responsible for removing glucose residues from the N-linked core oligosaccharides attached to newly synthesized polypeptide chains. In mammalian cells they participate together with calnexin, calreticulin and UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase in the folding and quality control of newly synthesized glycoproteins. In S.cerevisiae, glucosidase II is encoded by the GLS2 gene, and glucosidase I, as suggested here, by the CWH41 gene. Using castanospermine (an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor) and yeast strains defective in glucosidase I, glucosidase II and BiP/Kar2p, it was demonstrated that cell wall synthesis depends on the two glucosidases and BiP/Kar2p. In double mutants with defects in both BiP/Kar2p and either of the glucosidases the phenotype was particularly clear: synthesis of 1,6-beta-glucan_a cell wall component_was reduced; the cell wall displayed abnormal morphology; the cells aggregated; and their growth was severely inhibited. No defects in protein folding or secretion could be detected. We concluded that glucose trimming in S.cerevisiae is necessary for proper cell wall synthesis, and that the glucosidases function synergistically with BiP/Kar2p in this process.[1]


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