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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel process of inosine 5'-monophosphate production using overexpressed guanosine/inosine kinase.

A novel process for producing inosine 5'-monophosphate (5'-IMP) has been demonstrated. The process consists of two sequential bioreactions; the first is a fermentation of inosine by a mutant of Corynebacterium ammoniagenes, and the second is a unique phosphorylating reaction of inosine by guanosine/inosine kinase (GIKase). GIKase was produced by an Escherichia coli recombinant strain, MC1000(pIK75), which overexpressed the enzyme up to 50% of the total cellular protein. The overproducing plasmid, pIK75, which was randomly screened out from deletion plasmids with various lengths of intermediate sequence between the E. coli trpL Shine-Dalgarno sequence, derived from the vector plasmid, and the start codon of the GIKase structural gene. In pIK75, the start ATG was placed 16 bp downstream of the trpL Shine-Dalgarno sequence under the control of the E. coli trp promoter. Fermentation of inosine and its phosphorylation were sequentially performed in a 5-1 jar fermenter. At the end of inosine fermentation by C. ammoniagenes KY13761, culture broth of MC1000(pIK75) was mixed with that of KY13761 to start the phosphorylating reaction. Inosine in the reaction mixture was stoichiometrically phosphorylated, and 91 mM 5'-IMP accumulated in a 12-h reaction. This new biological process has advantages over traditional methods for producing 5'-IMP.[1]


  1. A novel process of inosine 5'-monophosphate production using overexpressed guanosine/inosine kinase. Mori, H., Iida, A., Fujio, T., Teshiba, S. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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