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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of cytokeratin 1 as a binding protein and presentation receptor for kininogens on endothelial cells.

A kininogen binding protein(s), a putative receptor, was identified on endothelial cells. A 54-kDa protein was isolated by a biotin-high molecular mass kininogen (HK) affinity column that, on aminoterminal sequencing of tryptic digests, was identified as cytokeratin 1. Multiple antibodies directed to cytokeratin 1 reacted with a 54-kDa band on immunoblot of lysates of endothelial cells. On laser scanning confocal microscopy, cytokeratin 1 antigen was found on the surface of endothelial cells. Cytokeratin 1 antigen also was detected on endothelial cell membranes by flow cytometry. Moreover, an antipeptide antibody to a sequence unique to cytokeratin 1 also specifically bound to nonpermeabilized endothelial cells. Biotin-HK specifically bound to cytokeratin only in the presence of Zn2+, and cytokeratin blocked biotin-HK binding to endothelial cells. Further, HK and low molecular mass kininogen, but not factor XII, blocked biotin-HK binding to cytokeratin, and peptides of each cell binding region of HK on domains 3,4, and 5 blocked biotin-HK binding to cytokeratin. gC1qR and soluble urokinase-like plasminogen activator receptor also inhibited biotin-HK binding to cytokeratin. These investigations identify a new function for cytokeratin 1 as a kininogen binding protein. Cytokeratins, members of the family of intermediate filament proteins, may represent a new class of receptors.[1]


  1. Identification of cytokeratin 1 as a binding protein and presentation receptor for kininogens on endothelial cells. Hasan, A.A., Zisman, T., Schmaier, A.H. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
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