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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Potential regulatory roles for G protein-coupled receptor kinases and beta-arrestins in gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor signaling.

GnRH stimulates gonadotropin secretion, which desensitizes unless the releasing hormone is secreted or administered in a pulsatile fashion. The mechanism of desensitization is unknown, but as the GnRH receptor is G protein coupled, it might involve G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs). Such kinases phosphorylate the intracellular regions of seven-transmembrane receptors, permitting beta-arrestin to bind, which prevents the receptor from activating G proteins. Here, we tested the effect of GRKs and beta-arrestins on GnRH-induced inositol trisphosphate (IP3) production in COS cells transfected with the GnRH receptor complementary DNA. GRK2, -3, and -6 overexpression inhibited IP3 production by 50-75% during the 30 sec of GnRH treatment. Coexpression of GRK2 and beta-arrestin-2 suppressed GnRH-induced IP3 production more than that of either alone. Immunocytochemical staining of rat anterior pituitary revealed that all cells expressed GRK2, -3, and -6; all cells also expressed the beta-arrestins. Western blots on cytosolic extracts of rat pituitaries revealed the presence of GRK2/3 and beta-arrestin-1 and -2. The expression of GRKs and beta-arrestins by gonadotropes and their inhibition of GnRH-stimulated IP3 production in COS-1 cells expressing the GnRH receptor suggest a potential regulatory role for the GRK/beta arrestin paradigm in GnRH receptor signaling.[1]


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