The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of nitric oxide and superoxide anion in elimination of low metastatic human colorectal carcinomas by unstimulated hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells.

Human colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cell survival for the first 24 h after implantation in the hepatic sinusoid determines its potential to colonize the liver. Nearly 10-fold more highly metastatic CX-1 cells survive within the livers of nude mice 24 h after intrasplenic injection than weakly metastatic clone A cells. Because CRCs contact sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) during implantation, we sought to determine whether SECs were more toxic to clone A than to CX-1 cells. When 2 x 10(4) vital dye-labeled CRC cells were added to murine SEC monolayers, more than 30% of clone A cells lost calcein AM fluorescence compared to fewer than 5% of CX-1 cells after 24 h of coculture with SECs. Kupffer cells did not mediate this effect, because neither enriched Kupffer cells nor SECs treated with a Kupffer cell inhibitor altered the SEC-mediated toxic effect to clone A cells. Pretreatment with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine, superoxide dismutase, or dexamethasone, blocked SEC-mediated toxicity to clone A cells, whereas calcium chelation and catalase did not. In addition, clone A cells were more sensitive to a superoxide donor, 3-morpholinosydnonimine N-ethylcarbamide, than were CX-1 cells, and neither cell line was sensitive to sodium nitroprusside, a nitric oxide donor. Thus, unstimulated murine SECs produce reactive oxygen species that are selectively toxic to weakly metastatic clone A cells. This may be a mechanism by which host liver cells eliminate weakly metastatic neoplastic cells.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities