The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantification of tyrosinase, TRP-1, and Trp-2 transcripts in human melanocytes by reverse transcriptase-competitive multiplex PCR--regulation by steroid hormones.

We have introduced a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction based method to measure mRNA levels of the melanogenesis enzymes tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related-protein 1 ( TRP-1), and tyrosinase-related-protein 2 ( TRP-2). Expression was determined by reverse transcriptase-competitive multiplex polymerase chain reaction of (i) melanogenesis enzyme transcripts and the "housekeeping" gene glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and (ii) two internal standards consisting of mutated melanogenesis enzyme cDNA and mutated gene glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase cDNA. This was investigated on in vitro cultured melanocytes in the presence of three different steroids; one glucocorticoid (betamethasone-17-valerate) and two sex steroids (diethylstilbestrol and estradiol). All three steroids lead to an increase of about 1.5-2.5-fold of tyrosinase transcripts. The amount of TRP-1 transcripts was likewise enhanced, but only moderately (approximately 1.5-fold). In contrast, TRP-2 transcripts were reduced by approximately 40% in number after betamethasone-17-valerate treatment, whereas the two sex steroids, diethylstilbestrol and estradiol, caused an upregulation of about 20-fold of the initial TRP-2 transcript level. We therefore suggest that hyperpigmentation during pregnancy or under contraceptive treatment is mediated by a direct induction of melanogenesis via sex steroids.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities