The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protein kinase A maintains cellular tolerance to mu opioid receptor agonists in hypothalamic neurosecretory cells with chronic morphine treatment: convergence on a common pathway with estrogen in modulating mu opioid receptor/effector coupling.

The present study examined protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C ( PKC) involvement in the maintenance of cellular tolerance to mu opioid receptor agonists resulting from chronic opiate exposure in neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). The possibility that the diminution of mu opioid receptor/effector coupling produced by acute 17beta-estradiol or chronic opiate exposures is mediated by a common kinase pathway also was investigated. Intracellular recordings were made in hypothalamic slices prepared from ovariectomized female guinea pigs. The mu opioid receptor agonist D-Ala2, N-Me-Phe4, Gly-ol5-enkephalin (DAMGO) produced dose-dependent hyperpolarizations of ARC neurons. Chronic morphine treatment for 4 days reduced DAMGO potency 2.5-fold with no change in the maximal response. This effect was mimicked by a 20-min bath application of the PKA activator cAMP, Sp-isomer, or the PKC activator phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate. A 30-min bath application of the broad-spectrum protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine completely abolished the reduced DAMGO potency seen in morphine-tolerant neurosecretory cells, including those immunopositive for gonadotropin-releasing hormone. The effect of staurosporine was mimicked by the PKA inhibitor cAMP, Rp-isomer, but not by the PKC inhibitor calphostin C. Finally, a 20-min bath application of 17beta-estradiol did not further reduce DAMGO potency in morphine-tolerant ARC neurons. Therefore, increased PKA activity maintains cellular tolerance to mu opioid receptor agonists in ARC neurosecretory cells caused by chronic morphine treatment. Furthermore, acute 17beta-estradiol and chronic opiate treatments attenuate mu opioid receptor-mediated responses via a common PKA pathway.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities