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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Axonal expression sites of tyrosine hydroxylase, calretinin- and calbindin-immunoreactivity in striato-pallidal and septal nuclei of the rat brain: a double-immunolabelling study.

Besides the dopaminergic afferent projection system, calbindin (CALB)- and calretinin (CR)-immunoreactive fibres of intrinsic and extrinsic origin represent the most abundant axonal categories in the rat striatal and lateral septal areas. The question arises whether or not they may represent separate populations, or whether they form subgroups which co-express more than one of these antigens. Therefore, the present study is focused on the distribution patterns of the axons single-immunolabelled by the catecholaminergic marker tyrosine hydroxylase ( TH), and on TH-immunoreactive axons displaying also CR- and/or CALB-immunoreactivity in double-immunostained sections. Striking differences were found between the patch and matrix compartments of the caudate-putamen (CP). Whereas the vast majority of TH-immunoreactive fibres in the patches and a patch-associated subcallosal layer co-expressed CR but not CALB, fibres mono-labelled by the TH-immunoreactivity were predominant in the matrix. The matrix-like regions of the core of nucleus accumbens (CACC), fundus striati (FS), the striatal cell bridges (CB) and the striatal part of olfactory tubercle (OTU) coincided in this respect with the matrix in CP. The absence of CR-immunoreactivity was also characteristic of the TH-immunoreactive fibres in the patch-like areas of the accumbal core, although a high number of separate CR-immunoreactive axons were present. In the shell of nucleus accumbens (SACC) which receives a rich catecholaminergic innervation, fibres co-expressing either one of the calcium-binding proteins were absent. The islands of Calleja (CJI) displaying a strongly TH-immunoreactive centre and a periphery of lower staining intensity, showed only a low number of TH-immunoreactive fibres co-expressing CR or CALB. The broad shell-like band of TH-immunoreactive axons between medial and lateral part of the septum was single-stained with the TH-immunoreactivity. In contrast, the TH-positive fibres forming basket-like arrangements around some neurons in the dorsal lateral septal nucleus co-expressed also CR, but not CALB. The results are discussed in view of the recent concepts of basal forebrain organization and the cytochemical characteristics of mesencephalic dopaminergic nuclei giving rise to the vast majority of the striatal and septal TH-immunoreactive fibre supply, in order to correlate the known projection patterns with the content of calcium-binding proteins in TH-immunolabelled fibres and presumed cells of origin. The TH-immunoreactive fibres in the striatal patches displaying CR- but not CALB-immunoreactivity may originate mainly from neurons in the ventral tier of pars compacta (SNC) and from the pars reticulata of substantia nigra (SNR) which show identical cytochemical properties. Axons in the matrix of CP and the accumbal core as well as in the islands of Calleja single-labelled by the TH-immunoreactivity or additionally containing CALB and CR may originate from neurons in the dorsal tier of mesencephalic nuclei like SN, pars compacta and ventral tegmental area. CR-containing TH-immunoreactive basket-like axon terminations in the dorsal lateral septal nucleus are likely to originate either from mesencephalic nuclei or from the supramammillary region.[1]


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