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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclosporin A-sensitive transcription factor Egr-3 regulates Fas ligand expression.

Activation-induced transcriptional upregulation of the ligand for Fas ( FasL) and the resulting apoptosis of Fas-bearing cells constitute essential steps in a host of normal and pathological processes. Here we describe an activation-inducible cis-acting regulatory element in the fasL promoter that is required for gene expression. Oligonucleotide competition and antibody supershift analyses identified two activation-induced DNA-binding species: Egr-1 ( NGFI-A, krox-24, zif268, TIS-8), a transcription factor that has been implicated in growth, differentiation, and apoptosis; and Egr-3 (PILOT), a transcription factor of no previously known function. Activation-induced expression of Egr-3, like that of FasL, was inhibited by cyclosporin A, whereas expression of Egr-1 was unaffected. Transient expression of Egr-3 alone increased fasL promoter activity in a cyclosporin A-insensitive manner, whereas expression of Egr-1 had little effect. Moreover, endogenous fasL mRNA was induced in nonlymphoid cells by forced expression of Egr-3 in the absence of any other stimulus. These studies identify a critical Egr family-binding site in the fasL promoter and demonstrate that activation-induced Egr-3, but not Egr-1, directly upregulates fasL transcription in response to activating stimuli.[1]


  1. Cyclosporin A-sensitive transcription factor Egr-3 regulates Fas ligand expression. Mittelstadt, P.R., Ashwell, J.D. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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