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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of erythroid differentiation in vitro by purines and purine analogues.

The effectiveness of purines and purine analogues as inducers of erythroid differentiation in cultured murine erythroleukemia cells has been investigated. These cell lines have previously been shown to differentiate in vitro in response to dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and a number of other polar solvents. Two purine analogues, 6-thioguanine and 6-mercaptopurine, as well as the naturally occuring purine, purine, hypoxanthine, are shown to be extremely potent inducers. 6-Thioguanine is effective at a concentration of 0.06 mM, 750 fold lower than the DMSO concentration required for equivalent induction. 6-Mercaptopurine and hypoxanthine are effective inducers at a concentration of approximately 2 mM. Accumulation of globin mRNA was monitored during induction with purine inducers and shown to be similar in amount to globin mRNA levels reached in DMSO-induced cultures. Induction of differentiation by all three compounds follows a similar time course to induction with DMSO. All three compounds are potent inducers of HGPRT (hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase)-negative cell lines; hence incorporation of purines into DNA is not required for induction of differentiation. Comparison of these compounds with other purines and purine analogues suggests a high degree of specificity in their interaction with a cellular target.[1]


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