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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of disulfide structure in agouti-related protein (AGRP) by stepwise reduction and alkylation.

The agouti-related protein gene (Agrp) plays an important role in body weight regulation. The mature human protein is a single polypeptide chain of 112 amino acid residues, consisting of an N-terminal acidic region and a unique C-terminal cysteine-rich domain. The disulfide structure of recombinant human AGRP was determined by chemical methods using partial reduction with tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine under acidic conditions, followed by direct alkylation with N-ethylmaleimide or fluorescein-5-maleimide. Partial reduction and alkylation provided several forms of AGRP that were modified in a stepwise fashion. The resulting proteins were characterized by peptide mapping, sequence analysis, and mass spectrometry, showing that AGRP contained a highly reducible disulfide bond, C85-C109, followed by less reactive ones, C90-C97, C74-C88, C67-C82, and C81-C99, respectively. The chemically defined disulfide connectivity of the recombinant human AGRP was homologous to that of omega-agatoxin IVB except for an additional disulfide bond, C85-C109.[1]


  1. Determination of disulfide structure in agouti-related protein (AGRP) by stepwise reduction and alkylation. Bures, E.J., Hui, J.O., Young, Y., Chow, D.T., Katta, V., Rohde, M.F., Zeni, L., Rosenfeld, R.D., Stark, K.L., Haniu, M. Biochemistry (1998) [Pubmed]
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