The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Survival and DNA damage in Chinese hamster V79 cells exposed to alpha particles emitted by DNA-incorporated astatine-211.

Asynchronous Chinese hamster V79 lung fibroblasts were incubated at 37 degrees C for 30 min with the thymidine analog 5-[211At]astato-2'-deoxyuridine (211AtdU, exposure from DNA-incorporated activity) or with [211At]astatide (211At-, exposure from extracellular activity), and DNA-incorporated activity was determined. The 211AtdU content in cellular DNA increased as a function of extracellular concentration. Incorporation of 211At- was less than 1% of that of 211AtdU. After exposure, cells were frozen in the presence of 10% DMSO. One month later, survival was determined by the colony-forming assay, and DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) were measured by the neutral elution method (pH 9.6). The survival curve for 211AtdU was biphasic (D37 = 2.8 decays per cell), reflecting killing of 211At-DNA-labeled cells and of unlabeled cells irradiated by 211At in neighboring labeled cells. The toxicity of 211At- decaying outside the cell (30-min exposure) was negligible. Analysis of the survival curve produced a D0 of 1.3 decays/cell for 211At-labeled cells. The yield of DSBs from the decay of DNA-incorporated 211At was compared with that from DNA-incorporated 125I. Each decay of 211At produced at least 10 times the number of DSBs as that obtained per 125I decay. The extreme radiotoxicity of DNA-incorporated 211AtdU seems to be associated with considerable damage to the mammalian cell genome.[1]

References

  1. Survival and DNA damage in Chinese hamster V79 cells exposed to alpha particles emitted by DNA-incorporated astatine-211. Walicka, M.A., Vaidyanathan, G., Zalutsky, M.R., Adelstein, S.J., Kassis, A.I. Radiat. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities