The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP)-independent presentation of soluble insulin to alpha/beta T cells by the class Ib gene product, Qa-1(b).

T cell hybridomas isolated from nonresponder H-2(b) mice immunized with pork insulin were stimulated by insulin in the presence of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-unmatched antigen presenting cells. The restriction element used by these CD4(-) T cells was mapped to an oligomorphic MHC class Ib protein encoded in the T region and identified as Qa-1(b) using transfectants. The antigenic determinant was localized to the insulin B chain, and experiments with truncated peptides suggested that it is unexpectedly long, comprising most or all of the 30 amino acid B chain. The antigen processing pathway used to present insulin to the Qa-1(b)- restricted T cells does not require transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP), and it is inhibited by chloroquine. A wide variety of cell lines from different tissues efficiently present soluble insulin to Qa-1(b)-restricted T cells, and insulin presentation is not enhanced by phagocytic stimuli. Our results demonstrate that Qa-1(b) can function to present exogenous protein to T cells in a manner similar to MHC class II molecules. Therefore, this class Ib protein may have access to a novel antigen processing pathway that is not available to class Ia molecules.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities