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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Role of kappa II-A2 light chain CDR-3 junctional residues in human antibody binding to the Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide.

Abs using the kappaII-A2 V gene segment predominate the human Ab repertoire to the Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib) polysaccharide (PS). All A2 anti-Hib PS Abs sequenced to date possess a 10-amino acid L chain complementarity-determining region-3 (CDR-3) having an insertional arginine (Arg) at position 95a, the V-J junction. These findings suggest an essential requirement for this conserved Arg residue in determining Hib PS-binding affinity. We examined this requirement by performing chain recombination experiments in which a series of A2 L chains, differing at position 95a, were combined individually with an Fd region known to generate a Hib PS-combining site when paired with an A2-Arg(95a)-Jkappa1 V region. Hib PS binding of the recombinant Fabs was evaluated quantitatively using a radioantigen-binding assay. Fabs having A2 L chains with either Arg or lysine in position 95a in combination with Jkappa1 gave equivalent and strongest binding to Hib PS. Fabs having A2-Jkappa1 L chains with either tyrosine, glycine, alanine, leucine, serine, or threonine in position 95a, or having an A2-Arg(95a)-Jkappa3 L chain, gave intermediate binding. Fabs having A2-Jkappa1 L chains with glutamate or aspartate at 95a or with no junctional residue showed little or no Hib PS binding. These results demonstrate the importance of L chain junctional residue, as well as Jkappa usage and CDR-3 length, in determining Hib PS-binding affinity. Contrary to expectation, an Arg junctional residue is not essential for generating either high or intermediate affinity-binding sites.[1]

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