The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Three isoforms of a hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 transcription factor with tissue- and stage-specific expression in the adult mosquito.

We cloned three isoforms of hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 (HNF-4) from the mosquito Aedes aegypti, designated AaHNF-4a, AaHNF-4b, and AaHNF-4c. AaHNF-4a and AaHNF-4b are typical members of the HNF-4 subfamily of nuclear receptors with high amino acid conservation. They differ in N-terminal regions and exhibit distinct developmental profiles in the female mosquito fat body, a metabolic tissue functionally analogous to the vertebrate liver. The AaHNF-4b mRNA is predominant during the previtellogenic and vitellogenic phases, while the AaHNF-4a mRNA is predominant during the termination phase of vitellogenesis, coinciding with the onset of lipogenesis. The third isoform, AaHNF-4c, lacks part of the A/B and the entire C (DNA-binding) domains. The AaHNF-4c transcript found in the fat body during the termination of vitellogenesis may serve as a transcriptional inhibitor. Both AaHNF-4a and AaHNF-4b bind to the cognate DNA recognition site in electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Dimerization of AaHNF-4c with other mosquito HNF-4 isoforms or with mammalian HNF-4 prevents binding to the HNF-4 response element. In transfected human 293T cells, AaHNF-4c significantly reduced the transactivating effect of the human HNF-4alpha1 on the apolipoprotein CIII promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay confirmed the presence of HNF-4 binding sites upstream of A. aegypti vg and vcp, two yolk protein genes expressed in the female mosquito fat body during vitellogenesis. Therefore, HNF-4, an important regulator of liver-specific genes, plays a critical role in the insect fat body.[1]


  1. Three isoforms of a hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 transcription factor with tissue- and stage-specific expression in the adult mosquito. Kapitskaya, M.Z., Dittmer, N.T., Deitsch, K.W., Cho, W.L., Taylor, D.G., Leff, T., Raikhel, A.S. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities