The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cellular oxygenation of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid by 5-lipoxygenase is stimulated by 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein.

It has been proposed that 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO)-activating protein (FLAP) is an arachidonate transfer protein for leukotriene biosynthesis. Using the Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) insect cells, we demonstrate that FLAP causes a large stimulation (190-fold) of the conversion of 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12(S)-HETE) to 5, 12-diHETE when co-expressed with 5-lipoxygenase. We also demonstrate that FLAP can stimulate (2-2.5-fold) the oxygenation of 15(S)-HETE by 5-LO to 5,15-diHETE. The stimulation of both 12(S)-HETE and 15(S)-HETE oxygenation by 5-LO is completely inhibitable by the FLAP inhibitor, MK-886. In order to determine which residues of FLAP are important for 12(S)-HETE and arachidonic acid utilization by 5-LO, various mutants of FLAP were co-expressed with 5-LO in Sf9 cells. The FLAP deletion mutants del 37-53, del 52-58, del 106-108, and del 148-161 and the point mutant D62N were analyzed. The D62N mutation, which reduces the binding of indole inhibitors to FLAP, had no effect on the stimulation of substrate utilization by 5-LO. In contrast to wild type FLAP, the mutant proteins del 37-53, del 106-108, and del 148-161 failed to stimulate 12(S)-HETE and arachidonic acid utilization by 5-LO. Only one of the latter three mutations (del 37-53) has been shown to abolish the binding of indole inhibitors to FLAP. These results suggest that the lipid binding site of FLAP overlaps the inhibitor binding site and occupies several regions of the protein not essential for inhibitor binding. Because FLAP can stimulate the utilization of 12(S)-HETE, 15(S)-HETE, and arachidonic acid by 5-LO, FLAP may also function as a more general lipid carrier protein for the biosynthesis of multiple oxygenation products of arachidonic acid in addition to its role in leukotriene biosynthesis.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities