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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced expression of membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase in mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis.

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2, gelatinase A) is involved in the inflammatory and sclerotic events of glomerular diseases. Newly identified membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMP) have been shown to activate specifically proMMP-2. To date, several types of MT-MMP have been cloned; however, their expressions in glomerular diseases have not been evaluated. To investigate the role of MT-MMP in glomerular diseases, the glomerular gene expression and enzymatic activity of MT-MMP were examined during the time course of nephritis induced in rats by anti-Thy1.1 antibody injection. Both MT1-MMP and MMP-2 mRNA expression increased prominently 5 and 10 d after anti-Thy1.1 antibody injection and decreased thereafter, as assayed by semiquantitative reverse transcription-PCR. In contrast, there were no remarkable changes in the gene expression of MT2-MMP between normal and diseased tissue, and that of MT3-MMP was not detected in isolated glomeruli by reverse transcription-PCR analysis. The activation of proMMP-2 as analyzed by gelatin zymography correlated with the glomerular MT1-MMP gene expression, suggesting that proMMP-2 was activated by MT1-MMP. Protein and mRNA expression of fibronectin, one of the major mesangial matrix proteins and substrate of MMP-2, were also synchronized with MT1-MMP and MMP-2 expression. In situ hybridization revealed intense MT1-MMP mRNA expression in the proliferating mesangial cells. Interestingly, MT1-MMP gene expression exhibited a similar distribution as alpha-smooth muscle actin expression, which was closely associated with mesangial phenotypic change. These results suggest that among the newly identified MT-MMP, MT1-MMP may play the central role in activation of proMMP-2. Furthermore, the enhancement of MT1-MMP and MMP-2 expression associated with mesangial phenotypic change may contribute to the development of anti-Thy1.1 antibody-induced glomerulonephritis and remodeling of extracellular matrices.[1]


  1. Enhanced expression of membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase in mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. Hayashi, K., Osada, S., Shofuda, K., Horikoshi, S., Shirato, I., Tomino, Y. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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