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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of growth of primary human tumour cell cultures by a 4-anilinoquinazoline inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor family of tyrosine kinases.

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is thought to mediate the action of the mitogens EGF and tumour growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) in a variety of cancers, including those of the lung, breast and ovary. A number of new selective inhibitors of EGFR tyrosine kinase have now been developed as potential new antitumour agents. We used a potent inhibitor of this tyrosine kinase, 6-amino-4-[(3-bromophenyl)amino]-7-(methylamino)quinazoline (SN 25531; PD 156273), to determine the responses of primary cultures derived from patients with cancer of the lung, ovary, breast, cervix and endometrium. Cells were cultured in 96-well plates and proliferation assessed by incorporation of 3H-thymidine. Measured growth inhibitory concentrations IC50 values) varied from 1 nM to 14 microM with a 1000-fold differential between sensitive and resistant cultures. Results were compared with rates of proliferation, estimated using a paclitaxel-based method. We also measured the IC50 values for the tyrosine kinase inhibitor using a number of established human cell lines, and compared them with EGFR content using fluorescent antibody staining and flow cytometry. The presence of EGFR was found to be necessary, but not sufficient, for in vitro response. Only a small number of cell lines (3 of 7 for lung, 1 of 7 for ovarian, 2 of 3 squamous cell and 0 of 12 for melanoma) were sensitive to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor. In contrast, 40 of the 50 primary cultures (including 14 of 15 lung cancer samples and 14 of 19 ovarian cancer samples) were sensitive.[1]


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